Causes of Acne

Causes of Acne

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Acne is a common skin condition that affects many people at some point in their lives. While it is most commonly associated with puberty, acne can occur at any age and can be both physically and emotionally distressing. Understanding the triggering factors for acne can help you to manage your skin condition and prevent outbreaks.

Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes can trigger an increase in oil production, leading to clogged pores and breakouts. Hormonal changes can be caused by puberty, menstrual cycles, pregnancy, and menopause. They can also be a side effect of certain medications such as birth control pills.


Stress can also trigger acne breakouts as it can increase cortisol levels, which can lead to increased oil production and clogged pores. Managing stress levels can help to reduce the likelihood of breakouts.


Certain foods have been linked to acne outbreaks, including dairy products, processed foods, and foods high in sugar. While more research is needed in this area, many people find that reducing their intake of these foods can help to reduce the severity of their acne.


Certain cosmetic products, including makeup, hair products, and moisturizers, can clog pores and trigger breakouts. Choosing oil-free and non-comedogenic products can help to prevent this.


Some medications, including corticosteroids and lithium, have been linked to acne outbreaks. If you are taking medication and experiencing breakouts, speak to your doctor about alternative medications or treatments.

In addition to identifying and avoiding trigger factors, there are a number of treatments and prevention techniques that can help to manage acne. These include:

Topical treatments

Over-the-counter creams, gels, and lotions containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and retinoids can help to unclog pores and reduce inflammation.


Oral antibiotics can help to reduce the bacterial population on the skin, reducing the likelihood of breakouts.

Hormonal therapy

If acne is related to hormonal changes, hormonal therapy may be recommended.


This prescription medication is a form of vitamin A that is used to treat severe and persistent acne.

While the causes of acne are not fully understood, there are a number of factors that can trigger breakouts. By avoiding these triggers and seeking appropriate treatment, you can help to manage your acne and prevent future outbreaks. If you are experiencing persistent or severe acne, it is important to consult with a dermatologist or skin specialist to determine the best course of treatment for you.